archaeological sites represent only a fraction of the many occupations of
native people throughout the history of Mason County. As a rule, the
places people live today were occupied many times in the past.
donít know exactly what caused the native people to leave the Kanawha
Valley. It may have been a combination of pressures. The powerful Iroquois
nations to the north routinely made raids on villages along the Ohio River
and into Virginia. In the Southeast, the Spanish had introduced diseases
into the region. Disease
might have been introduced into the valley by migrating groups, although
there has been no evidence found so far of mass burials that would
indicate an epidemic. For whatever reason, when the first European
settlers entered the Kanawha Valley, they found no occupied villages. All
that remained were the remnants of earthworks and abandoned agricultural
fields of native peoples who had flourished here many years before.